This list contains many of the most commonly used irregular verbs in the German language. Although it would be hard to memorize the whole list, it's recommended that you try to conjugate a few of the verbs that appear here on your own.

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  • Stem ending with 'd' or 't

    Verb Definition Verb Definition
    achten to respect leiten to lead
    antworten to answer melden to report
    arbeiten to work mieten to rent/hire
    baden to take a bath pusten to puff
    begleiten to accompany reden to speak
    beichten to confess retten to save
    bekleiden to dress roden to clear
    beneiden to envy runden to round
    bereiten to prepare schaden to damage
    beten to pray schalten to switch
    bilden to form schneiden to cut
    binden to tie/bind schulden to owe
    bitten to ask senden to send
    bluten to bleed sichten to look through
    bürsten to brush sieden to boil
    duften to smell spalten to split
    dulden to tolerate spenden to donate
    enden to end spotten to mock
    erkunden to find out starten to start
    ermorden to murder tasten to taste
    ermüden to get tired testen to test
    ernten to harvest töten to kill
    falten to fold vergeuden to waste
    flirten to flirt verhaften to arrest
    flüchten to flee vermuten to assume
    fürchten to fear verschwinden to disappear
    hasten to hurry verwunden to wound
    heften to pin/staple vollenden to complete
    heiraten to marry warten to wait
    husten to cough wenden to turn
    hüten to look after werten to rate
    kleiden to dress wetten to bet
    kosten to cost zünden to ignite
    landen to land    
  • Stem ending with 's', 'ss', 'ß', 'x', 'z', or 'tz'

    Verb Definition Verb Definition
    ächzen to groan putzen to clean
    beißen to bite rasen to race
    beschmutzen to dirty reisen to travel
    bremsen to brake relaxen relax
    ergänzen to complete scherzen to joke
    faxen to fax schmausen to feast
    fließen to flow schmerzen to hurt
    grüßen to greet schnitzen to carve
    hassen to hate schützen to protect
    heißen to be called schwitzen to sweat
    heizen to heat setzen to put
    hopsen to hop spaßen to joke
    jauchzen to cheer speisen to dine
    kratzen to scratch spitzen to sharpen
    kreisen to circle stützen to support
    kreuzen to cross tanzen to dance
    kürzen to shorten tosen to roar
    küssen to kiss verblassen to fade
    leasen to lease verletzen to injure
    mixen to mix vermissen to miss
    passen to fit weisen to point
    pflanzen to plant würzen to spice
  • Verbs with a vowel change

    Verb Definition Verb Definition
    'e' to 'i'
    bergen to rescue schmelzen to melt
    bersten to burst sprechen to speak
    brechen to break stechen to sting
    essen to eat sterben to die
    fechten to fence treffen to meet
    geben to give verbegen to hide
    helfen to help vergessen to forget
    nehmen to take werfen to throw
    'e' to 'ie'
    befehlen to order lesen to read
    empfehlen to recommend sehen to see
    geschehen to happen stehlen to steal
    'a' to 'ä'
    anfangen to begin graben to dig
    backen to bake halten to stop
    blasen to blow laden to load
    braten to roast lassen to let
    fahren to drive schlafen to sleep
    fallen to fall schlagen to beat
    fangen to catch wachsen to grow
    gefallen to please waschen to wash
 

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