This list contains many of the most commonly used irregular verbs in the German language. Although it would be hard to memorize the whole list, it's recommended that you try to conjugate a few of the verbs that appear here on your own.
- Stem ending with 'd' or 't
Verb Definition Verb Definition achten to respect leiten to lead antworten to answer melden to report arbeiten to work mieten to rent/hire baden to take a bath pusten to puff begleiten to accompany reden to speak beichten to confess retten to save bekleiden to dress roden to clear beneiden to envy runden to round bereiten to prepare schaden to damage beten to pray schalten to switch bilden to form schneiden to cut binden to tie/bind schulden to owe bitten to ask senden to send bluten to bleed sichten to look through bürsten to brush sieden to boil duften to smell spalten to split dulden to tolerate spenden to donate enden to end spotten to mock erkunden to find out starten to start ermorden to murder tasten to taste ermüden to get tired testen to test ernten to harvest töten to kill falten to fold vergeuden to waste flirten to flirt verhaften to arrest flüchten to flee vermuten to assume fürchten to fear verschwinden to disappear hasten to hurry verwunden to wound heften to pin/staple vollenden to complete heiraten to marry warten to wait husten to cough wenden to turn hüten to look after werten to rate kleiden to dress wetten to bet kosten to cost zünden to ignite landen to land
- Stem ending with 's', 'ss', 'ß', 'x', 'z', or 'tz'
Verb Definition Verb Definition ächzen to groan putzen to clean beißen to bite rasen to race beschmutzen to dirty reisen to travel bremsen to brake relaxen relax ergänzen to complete scherzen to joke faxen to fax schmausen to feast fließen to flow schmerzen to hurt grüßen to greet schnitzen to carve hassen to hate schützen to protect heißen to be called schwitzen to sweat heizen to heat setzen to put hopsen to hop spaßen to joke jauchzen to cheer speisen to dine kratzen to scratch spitzen to sharpen kreisen to circle stützen to support kreuzen to cross tanzen to dance kürzen to shorten tosen to roar küssen to kiss verblassen to fade leasen to lease verletzen to injure mixen to mix vermissen to miss passen to fit weisen to point pflanzen to plant würzen to spice
- Verbs with a vowel change
Verb Definition Verb Definition 'e' to 'i' bergen to rescue schmelzen to melt bersten to burst sprechen to speak brechen to break stechen to sting essen to eat sterben to die fechten to fence treffen to meet geben to give verbegen to hide helfen to help vergessen to forget nehmen to take werfen to throw 'e' to 'ie' befehlen to order lesen to read empfehlen to recommend sehen to see geschehen to happen stehlen to steal 'a' to 'ä' anfangen to begin graben to dig backen to bake halten to stop blasen to blow laden to load braten to roast lassen to let fahren to drive schlafen to sleep fallen to fall schlagen to beat fangen to catch wachsen to grow gefallen to please waschen to wash