Month: March 2018

Weak nouns

Weak nouns

About 10 per cent of masculine nouns, usually referring to male people or animals, add -(e)n to all forms apart from the nominative singular. Der Junge spielt mit seinem Gameboy. (nom., sing.) Siehst du den Jungen dort? (acc., sing.) Er kauft dem Jungen eine Flasche Wasser. (dat., sing.) Other examples include: Architekt ‘male architect’, Student ‘male student’, Herr ‘Mr’, ‘gentleman’, Tourist ‘ma... »

Adjectival nouns

Adjectival nouns

Adjectival nouns are derived from adjectives: krank → ein Kranker, eine Kranke ill, sick person reich → ein Reicher, eine Reiche rich person verwandt → ein Verwandter, eine Verwandte relative Adjectives used as nouns follow the pattern of adjectival endings. As an example, here are all forms of Verwandte/r ‘relative’ with the indefinite article: Ein Verwandter von mir wohnt in Bonn. (nom., masc.) ... »

Verbs with an accusative object

Many verbs taking an accusative object can also be used reflexively when it relates the action back to the subject: With an accusative object   →Reflexive Er möchte die Welt ändern. → Er möchte sich ändern. He wants to change the world. → He wants to change (himself). Wir waschen das Auto. → Wir waschen uns. We wash the car. → We wash ourselves./ We have a wash. Other frequently used verbs of this... »

Verbs with a dative object

Many verbs that require a dative object can be used with a dative reflexive pronoun if the action focuses on the subject itself: With a dative object → Reflexive Ich werde dem Kind helfen. → Ich werde mir selbst helfen. I will help the child.→ I will help myself. Du schadest der Umwelt. → Damit schadest du dir. You are harming the environment → You are harming yourself with that. Other verbs belon... »

Reflexive verbs + prepositions

A number of reflexive verbs are normally used together with a preposition, such as sich erinnern + an or sich interessieren + für: Sie erinnert sich an ihren ersten Freund. She remembers her first boyfriend. Interessiert ihr euch für Fußball? Are you interested in football? Other examples include: sich ärgern über ‘to be annoyed about’, sich aufregen über ‘to be upset, angry about’, sich beschwere... »

Other verbs used reflexively

Verbs with an accusative object Many verbs taking an accusative object can also be used reflexively when it relates the action back to the subject: With an accusative                  →  object Reflexive Er möchte die Welt ändern.    → Er möchte sich ändern. He wants to change the world.→He wants to change (himself). Wir waschen das Auto.           →Wir waschen uns. We wash the car.               ... »