Use of adjectives


Adjectives provide more information about nouns:

Dieses Handy ist teuer. This mobile phone is expensive.
Sie ist eine interessante Frau. She is an interesting woman.

Adjectives can either appear after the noun (Dieses Handy ist teuer) or directly in front of the noun they describe (eine interessante Frau)

Adjectives after nouns – do not take endings

Adjectives do not change when they appear after the noun they describe. This is often the case in connection with the verbs sein ‘to be’ and werden ‘to become’:

Michael ist immer schon ein bisschen komisch gewesen.
Michael has always been a bit funny.
Ihr Gesicht wurde dunkelrot.
Her face turned purple.

Adjectives before nouns – take endings

An adjective preceding a noun normally requires an ending. The patterns of endings depend on whether the adjective appears:

• with no article
• with an indefinite article or
• with a definite article.

All three patterns are explained in the following sections.