Month: April 2018

Verbs with inseparable prefixes

List of commonly used inseparable prefixes There are also a number of prefixes which never detach themselves from the main verb. They include: be- besuchen to visit emp- empfinden to feel ent- entleeren to empty er- erzählen to tell (a story) ge- gehören to belong miss- missachten to disregard ver- verlieren to lose zer- zerstören to destroy Here are some of them in use: Sie besuchen ihre Eltern f... »

Separable verbs do not always split up

Separable verbs can – as the name indicates – split into two parts. However, they also appear as one word in certain constructions. When to separate A separable verb splits when it is the only verb in a main clause. This applies to the following structures. Note that the prefix appears in the final position: present tense Er ruft seine Freundin um 8 Uhr an. He calls his girlfriend at 8 o’clock. si... »

Separable verbs

List of commonly used separable prefixes Separable verbs are used frequently in German. Here is a list of common prefixes together with one possible combination as an example: ab– abfahren to depart (by vehicle) an– anrufen to telephone auf– aufmachen to open aus– ausgehen to go out bei– beitreten to join (an organisation) ein– einkaufen to shop fest– fest... »

Different types of prefixes

Many verbs in German consist of a main verb and a prefix: ankommen ‘to arrive’, verkaufen ‘to sell’, übersetzen ‘to translate’/‘to ferry over’.There are three different types of prefixes in German: • separable prefixes which – as the name suggests – can exist separately from the main verb; • inseparable prefixes which are fixed to the verb; • variable prefixes which can either be separable or inse... »

Modal verbs used without another verb

Although modal verbs frequently appear in connection with another verb, they can also stand on their own. This is often the case in colloquial phrases: Ich kann nicht mehr. I can’t go on anymore./ I’ve had enough. Wir müssen jetzt nach Hause. We have to go home now. Wir wollen in die Stadt. We want to go/drive into town. Er kann das sehr gut. He can do this very well. Das darfst du nicht. You are ... »

Formation in different tenses

Modal verbs are quite irregular in German. Here is a summary of their forms in different tenses. Present tense In the present tense only sollen doesn’t change its stem vowel in the ich, du and er/sie/es forms. Note also that the first and third person singular (ich and er/sie/es) have identical forms and don’t have their usual present tense endings. Present perfect tense The past participle of the... »

Modal verbs – expressing ability, necessity etc.

Modal verbs modify an action or situation by expressing the idea of ability, obligation, permission etc.: Sie kann sehr gut schwimmen. She can swim very well. Wir müssen jetzt gehen. We have to go now. Hier dürfen Sie rauchen. You are allowed to smoke here. Modal verbs in German In German there are six modal verbs: dürfen may/to be allowed to können can/to be able to mögen to like (to) (also used ... »