Articles


Articles

Articles

The two articles and other determiners Determiners usually precede nouns. The most important ones are the definite article, such as der, die etc. corresponding to ‘the’, and the indefinite article, such as ein, eine etc. corresponding to ‘a’. Other determiners include: • possessives such as mein ‘my’, dein ‘your’, etc. • demonstratives such as dieser ‘this’ • indefinites such as alle ‘all’/‘everyb... »

Indefinites – jeder, einige, viel(e), alle

Indefinites – jeder, einige, viel(e), alle

Indefinites usually refer to parts of something or to a whole group, and not to a specific person or object. The most important indefinites are: jeder ‘each’/‘every’, einige ‘some’/‘any’, viel(e) ‘much’/‘many’ and alle ‘all’/ ‘everybody’: Jedes Kind bekommt ein Eis. Every child gets an ice cream. Einige Leute konnten nicht kommen. Some people couldn’t come. Viele Köche verderben den Brei. Many coo... »

The definite article

The definite article

Referring to a specific noun The definite article is used before a noun when referring to a specific or somehow known person, thing or idea: Die Hauptstadt von Deutschland ist Berlin. The capital of Germany is Berlin. Differences between German and English The use of the definite article can sometimes differ in English and German. The definite article is used in German with: names of countries whi... »

The indefinite article

The indefinite article

Referring to an unspecified noun An indefinite article before a noun refers to an unspecified person, thing or idea: Kennst du ein Hotel in München? Do you know a hotel in Munich? Differences between German and English The use of the indefinite article in English and German is very similar, although there are a few differences: • There is no indefinite article in German when stating an affiliation... »

The possessives

The possessives

The possessives mein ‘my’, dein ‘your’, Ihr ‘your’, sein ‘his’, ihr ‘her’, sein ‘its’, unser ‘our’, euer ‘your’ (informal), Ihr ‘your’ (formal), ihr ‘their’, refer to ownership or belonging and relate to the noun they precede: Sind Sie mit Ihrem Beruf zufrieden? Are you happy with your job? The possessives follow the declension pattern of the indefinite article. As an example, here are all forms o... »

Demonstratives  dieser, solcher

Demonstratives dieser, solcher

Pointing out a specific noun Demonstrative determiners single out specific people, objects, qualities, concepts etc. The most important determiner is dieser ‘this’/‘that’ which refers to a noun in close proximity or previously mentioned: Dieser Bus fährt in die Stadt. This/that bus goes into town. Kennst du diese Leute? Do you know these people? Another frequently used demonstrative is solcher ‘su... »