Plural of nouns


Plural forms in German

Plural forms in German

In English most nouns form their plural by adding ‘-s’ to the singular form. In German, there are several ways of forming the plural. However, there are patterns and clues that might help you to predict the plural endings: • there are five main types of plural endings (listed below) • nouns tend to take certain endings according to their gender. The five main plural forms – overview Here is an ove... »

Plural endings for masculine nouns

Plural endings for masculine nouns

Most take -e or -e ¨ endings Most masculine nouns take -e or -e ¨ in their plural forms: -e or → der Arm – die Arme der Schuh – die Schuhe -e der Ball – die Bälle der Fuß – die Füße In addition, there are two more main plural endings for masculine nouns: no ending → der Onkel – die Onkel der Spiegel – die Spiegel or + umlaut der Apfel – die Äpfel der Vater – die Väter -(e)n → This ending applies t... »

Plural endings for feminine nouns

Plural endings for feminine nouns

Most take -(e)n Most feminine nouns take the plural ending -(e)n. This applies to all nouns ending in -e, -ei, -heit, -ion, -keit, -schaft, -tät, -ung or -ur: -(e)n  die Blume – die Blumen die Bäckerei – die Bäckereien die Tasche – die Taschen die Zeitung – die Zeitungen In addition, there are two more commonly used endings with feminine nouns: -e + → This ending applies to many feminine nouns con... »

Plural endings for neuter nouns

Plural endings for neuter nouns

Most take -e Here are the three main plural endings for neuter nouns: -e → This ending is the most common with neuter nouns: das Bein – die Beine das Jahr – die Jahre das Regal – die Regale das Stück – die Stücke -er or ¨ (when possible) → das Kind – die Kinder das Kleid – die Kleider das Gehalt– die Gehälter das Glas – die Gläser no change → There is no change for most neuter nouns ending in -el,... »

All three genders have some plural endings with -s. However, this type of ending is mainly used for words imported from foreign languages, in abbreviations and names: das Hotel → die Hotels der PC → die PCs Herr und Frau Schmidt → die Schmidts Foreign nouns which don’t add an -s in the plural include: der Manager → die Manager, der Computer → die Computer. Also note that words from the English whi... »

Plural endings in the dative

Plural endings in the dative

Plurals in the dative case normally add the letter -n wherever this is possible. Die Bäume sind grün. → Sie liegen unter den Bäumen. The plural endings in -s stay the same: Mit so vielen Autos hatte niemand gerechnet ‘Nobody had reckoned with that many cars’. Nouns used in the plural only Note that some German nouns are used only in their plural form. They include: Eltern ‘parents’, Ferien ‘holida... »