Reflexive verbs


‘True’ reflexive verbs + dative

There are also a few ‘true’ reflexive verbs that need a reflexive pronoun in the dative. The most important are: sich aneignen to learn/acquire sich einbilden to get hold of an idea sich verbitten not to tolerate something sich vornehmen to intend to do sich vorstellen to imagine something sich überlegen to think something over Here are some of them in use: Überleg dir das noch mal! Think it over ... »

What are reflexive verbs?

Reflexive verbs refer to an action where the subject of a sentence is doing something to itself: Ich habe mich verletzt. I have hurt myself. Marco amüsiert sich. Marco enjoys himself. Reflexive verbs are always used with a reflexive pronoun (mich, sich etc.) which reflects the action back to the subject of the sentence. Two types of reflexive verbs There are two main types of reflexive verbs in Ge... »

Reflexive pronouns in the accusative and dative

Here is an overview of the reflexive pronouns in the accusative and dative: Note that only the ich and du forms of the accusative and dative differ (mich/mir and dich/dir). ‘True’ reflexive verbs + accusative Here are some commonly used ‘true’ reflexive verbs that are always used with an accusative reflexive pronoun: sich amüsieren to amuse oneself sich bedanken to say thank you sich beeilen to hu... »

Verbs with an accusative object

Many verbs taking an accusative object can also be used reflexively when it relates the action back to the subject: With an accusative object   →Reflexive Er möchte die Welt ändern. → Er möchte sich ändern. He wants to change the world. → He wants to change (himself). Wir waschen das Auto. → Wir waschen uns. We wash the car. → We wash ourselves./ We have a wash. Other frequently used verbs of this... »

Reflexive verbs + prepositions

A number of reflexive verbs are normally used together with a preposition, such as sich erinnern + an or sich interessieren + für: Sie erinnert sich an ihren ersten Freund. She remembers her first boyfriend. Interessiert ihr euch für Fußball? Are you interested in football? Other examples include: sich ärgern über ‘to be annoyed about’, sich aufregen über ‘to be upset, angry about’, sich beschwere... »

Other verbs used reflexively

Verbs with an accusative object Many verbs taking an accusative object can also be used reflexively when it relates the action back to the subject: With an accusative                  →  object Reflexive Er möchte die Welt ändern.    → Er möchte sich ändern. He wants to change the world.→He wants to change (himself). Wir waschen das Auto.           →Wir waschen uns. We wash the car.               ... »

Reflexive verbs + prepositions

A number of reflexive verbs are normally used together with a preposition, such as sich erinnern + an or sich interessieren + für: Sie erinnert sich an ihren ersten Freund. She remembers her first boyfriend. Interessiert ihr euch für Fußball? Are you interested in football? Other examples include: sich ärgern über ‘to be annoyed about’, sich aufregen über ‘to be upset, angry about’, sich beschwere... »

Position of the reflexive pronoun

If the subject is a noun: If the subject is a noun, the reflexive pronoun usually appears after the finite verb: Seine kleine Schwester interessiert sich für Rapmusik. His younger sister is interested in rap music. In a subordinate clause the reflexive pronoun usually comes before the subject: Es ist klar, dass sich Claudia entschuldigen muss. It is clear that Claudia has to apologise. If the subj... »