Relative clauses

The relative pronoun was

Referring to a whole phrase In order to refer to a phrase rather than just a noun the relative pronoun was ‘which’ introduces the relative clause: Sie arbeitet jetzt nur vormittags, was ich gut finde. She now works only in the morning which I think is good. Sie möchten nach Australien fliegen, was sehr teuer ist. They want to fly to Australia which is very expensive In connection with alles, etwas... »

Relative clauses in more detail

Using the nominative When the relative pronoun is the subject of the relative clause its form is identical with the definite article in the nominative case: Er trug einen Anzug, der sehr teuer war. (masc.) He wore a suit which was very expensive. Sie hat eine Freundin, die aus London kommt. (fem.) She has a friend who comes from London. Das Boot ist ein Buch, das von Buchheim geschrieben wurde. (n... »

What are relative clauses?

Relative clauses are subordinate clauses which provide more information about a noun or phrase in the main clause. They are usually introduced by relative pronouns, words such as ‘who’, ‘whose’ in English and die, dessen in German: Das ist die alte Frau, die in unserer Straße wohnt. This is the old woman who lives in our street. Da geht der Mann, dessen Auto gestohlen wurde. There goes the man who... »