Subjunctive forms

Replacing Konjunktiv II with würden + infinitive

In contemporary German, especially in the spoken language, it is common to replace the Konjunktiv II form of many regular and irregular verbs with würden + infinitive: Dann hätte ich mehr Zeit. → Dann würde ich mehr Zeit haben. Wenn ich im Lotto gewänne, machte ich eine Weltreise. → Wenn ich im Lotto gewinnen würde, würde ich eine Weltreise machen. Referring to the past Konjunktiv II can also rela... »

Konjunktiv II – usage

As pointed out before, the Konjunktiv II forms of verbs are used in a variety of contexts. Here are the most important ones. Hypothetical situations Konjunktiv II expresses ideas and situations which are not real but just imagined, often indicating a possibility: Dann hätte ich mehr Zeit. Then I’d have more time. Da gäbe es mehrere Möglichkeiten. There would be several possibilities. Conditional s... »

Konjunktiv II – formation

Regular verbs Regular verbs The Konjunktiv II forms of regular verbs are identical to the simple past tense forms. They are constructed with the stem of the verb + the following endings: ich -te, du -test, Sie -ten, er/sie/es -te, wir -ten, ihr -tet, Sie -ten, sie -ten: An deiner Stelle trainierte ich mehr. In your position/If I were you, I’d train more. Ich wünschte, du rauchtest weniger. I wish ... »

What is the subjunctive?

The subjunctive ‘mood’ of a verb stands in contrast to a verb in the indicative ‘mood’. While the indicative form states facts: ‘I am at home’, the subjunctive is often used in imagined situations, such as wishful thinking: ‘If only I were at home’. Two subjunctive forms in German There are two different subjunctive forms in German, Konjunktiv II and the less common Konjunktiv I: • Konjunktiv I is... »