The present perfect tense


Other points to watch out for

Some past participles don’t start with ge- Note that some of the following verbs form their past participles without adding ge-: • Verbs ending in -ieren, such as buchstabieren ‘to spell’, probieren ‘to try’, reagieren ‘to react’, studieren ‘to study’, telefonieren ‘to telephone’: Sie hat schnell reagiert. She (has) reacted quickly. Wir haben in Marseille studiert. We studied in Marseille. • Verbs... »

Verbs taking sein

A number of verbs in German form their present perfect tense with the present tense of sein + past participle. They can be divided into the following groups: Verbs indicating movement from one location to another  This group contains commonly used irregular verbs such as gehen ‘to go’, fahren ‘to go (by vehicle)’, kommen ‘to come’, ankommen ‘to arrive’, laufen ‘to run’: Ich bin ins Kino gegangen. ... »

Iregular verbs – present perfect tense

Adding ge- + -en to the stem The past participle of most irregular verbs are formed by putting ge- in front of the stem and -en at the end: lesen → les ge + les + en read sehen → seh ge + seh + en seen waschen → wasch ge + wasch + en washed Stem vowel change Many irregular verbs have a stem vowel change: finden → gefunden found helfen→ geholfen helped schreiben→ geschrieben written fliegen→ geflog... »

Regular verbs – present perfect tense

The present perfect tense of most regular verbs is constructed by using the present tense of haben + the past participle of the relevant verb. The past participle is formed with the stem of the verb, which is the infinitive without -(e)n. The prefix ge- is then added at the beginning and the letter -t at the end: hören → hör ge + hör + t listened, heard sagen → sag ge + sag + t said lächeln → läch... »

The present perfect tense

In English, the present perfect tense is used for past events that are linked to the present. This stands in contrast to the simple past tense, which refers to actions that were completed in the past: present perfect They have not arrived yet. simple past They arrived last week. The present perfect tense in German In German, it is not relevant whether a past event refers to the present in some way... »