The present tense


Irregular verbs with different patterns

A few frequently used verbs follow an irregular pattern in the present tense: haben ‘to have’, sein ‘to be’, werden ‘shall’/‘will’ or ‘to become’ and wissen ‘to know’: Note that haben, sein and werden often function as auxiliary verbs as they help to form compound tenses and passive constructions. The modal verbs dürfen, können, müssen, sollen, wollen and mögen are also quite irregular in the pres... »

Formation of regular and irregular verbs

The present tense form of verbs is usually constructed by taking the stem of the infinitive and adding the appropriate personal ending. Note that the process of changing a verb from the infinitive form into a verb with a personal ending is called conjugation. All verbs with a personal ending are called finite verbs. In the following sections we explain the formation, patterns and spelling variatio... »

The present tense in German

The present tense in German is mainly used: • to refer to events that are happening at the present time: Peter trinkt ein Bier. Peter is drinking beer. • to describe habitual actions and general statements: Sonntags treffen wir unsere Freunde. On Sundays, we meet our friends. Die Erde dreht sich um die Sonne. The earth revolves around the sun. In addition, the present tense in German often refers ... »