Learn German Grammar

Zdeutsch Cources  is designed for learners who have achieved basic proficiency and wish to progress to more complex language. Its 24 units present a broad range of grammatical topics, illustrated by examples which serve as models for varied exercises that follow:

Nouns and genderIn German, all nouns are classed as having one of three genders: masculine, feminine or neuter and are ...Exercise
Plural of nounsIn English most nouns form their plural by adding ‘-s’ to the singular form. In German, there are several ways ...Exercise
Articles and determiners Determiners usually precede nouns. The most important ones are the definite article, such as der, die etc. ...Exercise
CasesA case refers to the role a noun or a pronoun plays in a particular sentence or clause. There are four main ...Exercise
PronounsPronouns are words that ‘stand in’ for nouns and refer to persons, things or ideas. The most important ones ...Exercise
Reflexive verbsReflexive verbs refer to an action where the subject of a sentence is doing something to itself:...Exercise
Modal verbsModal verbs modify an action or situation by expressing the idea of ability, obligation, permission etc.:...Exercise
VerbsMany verbs in German consist of a main verb and a prefix: ankommen ‘to arrive’, verkaufen ‘to sell’, übersetzen ....Exercise

Verbs and PrepositionsGerman prepositions used in connection with a verb might sometimes correspond to the English as ...Exercise
The present tensethe present tense in German often refers to the future when the context makes this clear...Exercise
The present perfect tenseIn English, the present perfect tense is used for past events that are linked to the present. This ...Exercise
The simple past tenseThe simple past tense in German is usually used in the written language, especially in articles, ...Exercise
The past perfect tenseThe past perfect tense, also called the pluperfect tense, is one of the three past tenses in German. ...Exercise
The future tenseThe future tense is used less frequently in German than in English. If the context makes the ...Exercise
Adjectives and AdverbsAdjectives can either appear after the noun (Dieses Handy ist teuer) or directly in front of the noun ...Exercise
Prepositions Prepositions are words that define the relationship between different elements in a sentence. They ...Exercise

Forming questionsThere are two main types of questions in German:yes/no-questions which start with a verb and ...Exercise
Conjunctions and clausesConjunctions such as und ‘and’, aber ‘but’, weil ‘because’ and während ‘while’, usually link clauses ...Exercise
Word order & sentence structureThis unit gives you an overview of the basic principles regarding word order in German and deals ...Exercise
Relative clausesRelative clauses are subordinate clauses which provide more information about a noun or phrase in ...Exercise
Negative constructionsThere are two main ways of constructing negatives in German – using nicht or kein:...Exercise
The passive voiceMost passive constructions in German consist of the appropriate form of werden + past participle of ...Exercise
Subjunctive formsThe subjunctive ‘mood’ of a verb stands in contrast to a verb in the indicative ‘mood’. While the ...Exercise
Indirect speechThere are two ways of reporting what somebody said. One way is to use the exact words of the ...Exercise